In a world with increasing demand for resources and a growing population, it is only natural that most governments, stakeholders, researchers, and scientists endeavor in achieving sustainable environments and accommodations. The falling behind of Developing countries, in regards to sustainable concepts, is what gave birth to the first edition of the International Conference on Improving Sustainability Concept in Developing Countries (ISCDC).
This conference is a platform where the most recent topics, researches, and ideas about sustainability are discussed and proposals are presented on how to achieve sustainable development goals set out for developing countries.
Following the success of the previous editions of the first, second and third ISCDC Conferences, the 4th edition will discuss topics such as The Principles of Sustainable Development, Designing Solutions for Sustainable Architecture, Sustainable Environmental Preservation and Management, Sustainable Strategies for Developing Countries and The Challenges of Sustainability such as Climate Change, Energy Security, Water Scarcity, Loss of Biodiversity.
IEREK invites all Architects, environmentalists, engineers, and stakeholders to participate and contribute to this conference in order to exchange knowledge and experience in one place. This will be a great chance that works in order to evolve our built environment and also update new approaches that contribute to improving sustainability in developing communities.
How attending the ISCDC International Conferences will boost your Career, future potentials, and Experience:
Boost your future academic career opportunities with an internationally accredited certification of attendance.
Get the chance to publish your paper with Springer in the ASTI Book Series.
Be part of IEREK`s loyalty membership Program, Get a fair discount applicable on all your future participation in any of the international Conferences organized by IEREK.
Make sure that your paper will get the maximum exposure in front of a relevant audience, as we share samples of publications within our weekly newsletter and online platforms.
Hocine Bougdah: Reasearch and Education Consultant, IERS-UK / Visiting Lecturer, University of Westminster, London, UK.
Indjy M. Shawket: Assistant Professor of Architecture and Urban Design at Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology.
Hossam El-Borombaly: Professor and former Head of Architecture & Urban Conservation in Architecture department at Ain Shams University., Faculty of Engineering, and Architecture Department.
1. Principles of Sustainable Development
1.1 Formulating the Basic Principles of Sustainable Development 1.2 Dimensions of Sustainability: Economic, Social, and Ecological 1.3 The Role of Technology in Sustainable Development 1.4 Education and Sustainable Development: Role and Objectives 1.5 Advancing Sustainable Industrial Development
2. Designing Solutions for Sustainable Architecture
2.1 Sustainable Architectural Design: Definition and Examples 2.2 Integrating Architectural Design under the Concept of Sustainable Development 2.3 Energy Efficiency in Sustainable Architecture 2.4 Urban Design Planning and Climatology 2.5 Criticisms in Architectural Design and Planning
3. Sustainable Environmental Preservation and Management
3.1 Environmental Protection and Sustainability 3.2 Human Dimensions of Natural Resources and Environmental Dimensions 3.3 The Importance of Preservation and Conservation of the Environment 3.4 Improving Sustainability through Development of Green Areas 3.5 Planning and Managing Land Resources for Sustainable Development
4. Sustainable Strategies for Developing Countries
4.1 Promotion and Diversification of Crop Production 4.2 Tree planting as a Contribution towards Sustainable Development 4.3 Building Reuse for Sustainable Cities 4.4 Sustainable Waste and Energy Management Solutions 4.5 Smart Infrastructure Development
5. The Challenge of Sustainability
5.1 Climate Change and Energy Security 5.2 The Challenge of Water Scarcity 5.3 Preventing Loss of Biodiversity 5.4 Sustainable Soil and Land Management Challenges 5.5 Climate and Planet's Natural Resources Preservation
Benefits Of Attending
Attending conferences is very beneficial, especially, on the professional level; conferences are full of people promoting new ideas which will expand your knowledge and undoubtedly help your career.
Open Discussions:We bring together leading academic scientists to exchange and share their experiences and research results in all fields. Furthermore, you get to converse with other researchers from different universities and countries. You learn from experts in the field. It is a great opportunity to find more about your field and listen to ideas that could help inspire research ideas of your own.
Internationally Accredited Certificate:The participants are granted internationally recognized certificates which will be added to their certificates of experience or could be presented to the official authorities concerned.
Publication: The conference proceedings will be published by one of IEREK Press' Journals, either in "Resourceedings" or "ARChive". High-quality manuscripts, based on scientific committee evaluation, will get the chance to be published either in Environmental Sciences & Sustainable Development (ESSD) by IEREK Press or as a book chapter in the ASTI book series by "Springer".
Research Technologies:Conferences also can expand your resources by providing a great opportunity to promote gathered information on new technologies related to your research. Moreover, they let you test them out, share teaching tools and techniques, or even obtain samples of textbooks.
Networking:Conferences help in networking which often increases your chances of collaboration in future projects. As you can engage with respectable professors and discuss with them the very latest research projects they could be working on.
Academic Reputation:Attending many conferences will make you a known figure in academic circles, not to mention the benefits for your C.V as it will show that you are an active member of the academic community.
Conference Proceedings Material:Delegates will have the choice of receiving the conference proceedings as either a hardcover book or in digital format on a CD. The CD will additionally contain proceedings from previous conferences in this series.
Venue:Getting an overview of the place or city where the conference is being held and learning about its people and culture.
Moreover, all conference papers are archived online in the E-Library of IEREK‘s website where they are immediately and permanently available to the international scientific community.
Research and Education Consultant, IERS-UK / Visiting Lecturer, University of Westminster, London, UK.
Hocine Bougdah is a Reader in Architectural Technology; the Canterbury School of Architecture, University for the Creative Arts, Canterbury, UK.
Dr Hocine Bougdah is a reader and subject area leader for Technology and the Environment in the School of Architecture. He has overall responsibility for the curriculum design, delivery and assessment of the Architectural Technology subject specialism in the school at both undergraduate and post-graduate levels. He is also involved in research through the supervision of a number of researchers (currently 6) working on topics aligned with his research interests.
Dr Bougdah’s teaching and research interests are focused on the technological, ecological and human aspects of architectural design. His approach to teaching “Technology” is to use it as a design generator/enabler rather than an “add-on” technical resolution to a design proposal. His research interests cover topics such as sustainable design, innovative low tech/low energy/low impact buildings, spatial experience of users and issues of culture, urbanisation and globalisation. Alongside his academic role, he runs a design/consultancy practice
Indjy M. Shawket
Assistant Professor of Architecture and Urban Design at Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology.
Indjy Mohamed Shawket is an Egyptian Architect, an Associate professor of Architecture and Urban design (2019), from where she got her master and Ph.D degree from Cairo University (2011 & 2014). Her researches include issues related to urban design and its relation with different social and human aspects. She works for several academic institutes in Egypt. Besides, Indjy is interested in teaching children architecture through a number of workshops under the title of ‘Eco-Kiddy Architect’. As well as, she has an experience in arranging and organizing international academic conferences besides being a reviewer for issued journals and proceedings. On the other hand, she is aware of the new challenges facing safety in buildings and their occupancies as she is a member of the standing committee for fire-fighting code and a Member of the permanent committee for the review of multipurpose projects at the national Egyptian housing and building research center (HBRC). Currently, she is an Associate Professor at Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology where she teaches classes in Urban Design, Architecture Design and Graduation Project Studio. In addition; she is responsible for International accreditations in the Academy.
Professor and former Head of Architecture & Urban Conservation in Architecture department at Ain Shams University., Faculty of Engineering, and Architecture Department.
Dr. Hossam Elborombaly ,Professor and former Head of Architecture & Urban Conservation in Architecture department at Ain Shams University., Faculty of Engineering, and Architecture Department. He graduated in 1980 from Ain Shams University, He Had A diploma in Urban Survey from Netherlands in 1986, and a master degree at Ain shams University in 1988, and PhD in the field of urban conservation for Historic areas in 1995 from the same university with Catholic of Louvan in Belgium. Awarded the Arab Award and shield for the outstanding maintenance engineer 2017 and a member of the Board of Directors of the Arab Council for Maintenance and Operation He involved in designing many projects in Egypt and Arab Gulf as He worked as a Maintenance Consultant in different projects for 20 Years. His research work covered the area of conservation. He had made a training courses in Arab countries for PMP and Maintenance for historic buildings He also had many research (127) and Supervised about 85 thesis from 1996 till 2019.
Abstract Submission Guidelines
1️- Register for the conference: 2️- After Registration Click Submit Now Button 3️- Type your paper`s title 4️- Choose a topic related to your paper`s field from ISCDC Conference topics
5️- Copy & paste your abstract in the blank area 6️- Click Submit now and wait for the scientific committee`s decision within 3 to 7 working days --- Accepted Abstracts should not exceed the limit 100:300 Words, and should clearly state the purpose, results, and conclusion of your paper
Authors are respectfully requested to adhere to the following steps/instructions to participate in the 4th Edition of the international Annual Meetings of "Improving sustainability Concept in Developing Countries-ISCDC" ...
Step 1: Abstract Submission Guidelines:
- The author (researcher) should submit an abstract file (paper summary) through our online system before the abstract submission deadline.
- Submitted abstract should Be between 100:300 words.
- The abstract should clearly state the purpose, results, and conclusions of the work to be described in the final paper.
- The abstract file should include Co-authors' full name, email address, academic title and affiliation. (if exist)
Step 2: Abstract Review
- Once the abstract is submitted abiding the mentioned instructions, it will be sent to undergo the revision process by members of our scientific committee, the author will receive abstract feedback and next step action by email within 2 weeks maximum from abstract submission date.
- Once the abstract is accepted, the author will receive abstract acceptance notification by email stating that the abstract is accepted and to proceed with full/short paper submission.
Abstract and full paper submission instructions, Click here
Step 3: Paper Submission
- The author should submit the full/short paper written on the writing template, through our online system before the paper submission deadline (please download the writing template from the link provided below).
To download the writing template for a full-length paper, Click here
- The full/short paper should be written in English as it's the official language of the conference "Improving Sustainability concept in developing countries-ISCDC ".
- The full paper file shouldn't exceed 12 pages while short the paper shouldn't exceed 5 pages.
- The full paper should state the major issue(s) addressed, the potential significance of the work, the theoretical and methodological approach(es) pursued, major findings, conclusions, implications, and relevant scholarly references.
- The short paper should mention the major issue(s), methodological approach(es), major findings, conclusions, and relevant scholarly references.
- The full/short paper must be relevant to the conference theme and must be original as we don't accept research papers with a similarity rate of more than 20%.
Step 4: Paper Elementary Review
- Once the full/short paper is submitted abiding the mentioned instructions, it is assigned for review by the reviewers of the scientific committee in aligning with IEREK revision SOP (double-blind process).
- The author will receive paper feedback and next step action by email within a 1-month maximum from paper submission date.
Note: In this phase of revision, the research paper will be evaluated based on its originality, structure, and relativity to the conference theme. If the paper gets an acceptance by one reviewer, a paper preliminary acceptance notification will be sent to the author accordingly.
Step 5: Payment
- Once the paper gets accepted, the author will be informed to pay the conferencefees , so that it could be sent to another 2 members of the scientific committee to provide the author with comments/notes that could improve the paper and push it to the limits.
- As soon as payment is confirmed and done successfully, corresponding official documents can be issued from our sides such as paper acceptance letter and invitation letter.
Step 6: Paper Final Review
- The paper will be sent for review by another 2 members of the scientific committee in aligning with the IEREK revision SOP (double-blind process). Reviewers' comments/notes will be forwarded to the author to modify the full paper accordingly. Then, send us the final version of the paper.
Instructions of Short Paper Submissions: Authors who like to submit short papers should be informed that the structure of a short paper should contain its abstract, keywords, introduction, problem statements and the hypothetical solution along with further studies that they will go through when they want to extend their paper to be published online. short paper fee doesn’t have a chance to receive any type of discount whatever the authors were previously published with IEREK or the author is one of IEREK’s scientific committee and or a representative of a co-host university. A short paper is only published in the conference proceedings book and will not have a chance to be published online by Springer or by IEREK’s Journals unless the author extends their work to a full-length paper and pays the requested fee.
To download the writing template for a Short paper, Click here
Abstract Submissions Deadline
11 Jan 2020
Last Notification for Abstract Acceptance
19 Jan 2020
Full Paper Submission Deadline
29 Feb 2020
Last Notification for Full-Paper Acceptance
11 Feb 2020
Early Payment Deadline
11 Jan 2020
Regular Payment Deadline
29 Feb 2020
Late Payment Deadline
11 Mar 2020
Letter of Visa (for delegates who need visa entry)
05 Mar 2020
Letter of Final Acceptance
05 Mar 2020
06 Mar 2020
05 Apr 2020
All accepted papers of the fourth Improving Sustainability Concept in Developing Countries (4th ISCDC) after the peer-review process will be either published as chapters in the Book Series “Advances in Science, Technology and Innovation” (ASTI) by Springer or in The International Journal of Proceedings of Science and Technology (Resourceedings) online by IEREK Press.
The ASTI Book Series by Springer is by highly professional members of an International Editorial Board to ensure a high-quality publication material to be eventually published online and printable. The Series will be submitted for indexation in Web of Science (ISI), EI-Compendex, and Scopus databases.
To publish your research in the online Journal or Book by 'Springer' and provide it with world-wide visibility, authors must submit an extended version of their short papers that are no less than 10 -12 pages long.
Please bear in mind that a main author fee allows only the main author to participate and have his/her names published. There is a separate fee to be paid for Co-authors. The accepted paper will not progress to peer review without payment of full fees (see Conference Fees for more details).
For IEREK's Provious Publications, Please Click here
Since 2015, and for 3 editions of the International Conference on 'Improving Sustainability Concept in Developing Countries", the conference has been the platform for the Authors, Speaker and Audience around sustainability in developing countries.
With Publications in more than one reputable international publisher like Springer, Elsevier and Resourceedings with a variety of Indexation Options.
These high-Quality manuscripts covers the most trending topics of Sustainability, Energy, Green Building, Sustainable Urban Planning and Environmental Preservation.
Once an abstract has been submitted to our website, it is assigned for review by the reviewers using the abstract review sheet and validation of publication. This is based on four criteria:
1· Accepted as is for publication (with minor editing changes).
2· Conditionally accepted for publication (with revisions provided to authors).
3· Rejected but encouraged for re-submission with major modifications.
4· Rejected as inappropriate or unworthy of publication in this certain conference.
The criteria for accepting abstracts for the conference are as follows; a relevant topic of the conference should be proposed with clear writing, aims, and objectives of the study clearly presented as well as a sound literature and methodology of work.
Authors will receive a notification message to know the feedback of the reviewers committee. If an author receives the acceptance of his or her abstract, he or she has to continue writing the full-length paper using the requested templates.
Uploading Full-Length Paper:
Authors who are allowed to upload their full-length paper(s) should use the same account details to upload their full paper(s).
The final paper will proceed to the primary revision to be checked if it meets the conference proceedings standards. Once it gets accepted, the author will be informed to pay the fees so that it could be sent for the final revision by the scientific committee.
In this step, and to proceed paper(s) that passed to final revision process and to get the final approval, authors have to pay the requested fees. Otherwise, the final revision process will not be considered for their papers.
Inspections and Final Approval of Full Papers:
The full papers that paid the requested fees will get finally inspected, either scientifically or linguistically. There will be a rigorous review process of full papers following the previous process according to the following criteria:
(1) Is the topic relevant to the conference?
(2) Is the writing and structure clear?
(3) Are graphics, photos, illustrations used where needed?
(4) Are the aims of the study clearly stated?
(5) Are the objectives of the study achieved?
(6) Is the literature review relevant and adequate?
(7) Has the author used appropriate methodology and explained them clearly?
(8) Has the author interpreted the findings correctly?
(9) Is the paper a significant contribution to the field?
These are the registration and revision procedures for publication that all authors should follow.
IEREK's Cairo Office
Loyalty Membership Discounts
The more you attend, the more you're rewarded! IEREK offers its loyal participants with the following discounts depending on his/her attendance:
*The aforementioned discounts are only applicable during Regular and Late Payment times. For more information, please refer to 'Important Dates'.
Fees for Audiences (Co-authors, Learners, and Interests)
Fees for NON-Attending Co-Authors
Extra Fees (upon request)
Additional Conference Book (Hard copy + CD)
* In addition to 1 free copy gifted to main authors, additional copies are available for the fee mentioned.
Delegates in any event who cancel their registration due to special circumstances will receive refunds according to the following plan:
Up to 60 days before the event
Up to 50 days before the event
Up to 40 days before the event
39 days before the event
A refund is not possible if
- An acceptance letter has been issued (Authors only)
- The proceedings of the event have been published (Authors only)
- All matters have been finalized (accommodation/travel expenses paid for)
Visa Rejection Cases
Reason and proof of rejection must be submitted. If the reason of rejection is due to an error on our part, the participant will be refunded their full fee with a deduction of a 20% administration fee.
Documents to be issued by IEREK to acquire a visa are as follows:
* Final Acceptance Letter (Authors only)
* Visa Invitation Letter
* Invoice/proof of payment
We encourage all authors and attendees to ensure their having acquired all documents (those applicable) mentioned.
If the reason of rejection is not related to any of the aforementioned and is an error on the participant’s part, the following will apply:
* Authors: may choose to let their co-author present his/her research on his/her behalf free of charge. If the author does not have a co-author, a member of the scientific committee shall present on the author’s behalf.
* Audience members/Registrants: will only be allowed to attend another similar event of their choosing that is organized by IEREK free of charge.
- IEREK has an unyielding policy regarding plagiarism. We believe that copying/taking the ideas and work of other Authors without permission and credit, is fraudulent.
- The Reviewing committee and IEREK employees have the authority to reject a paper during its reviewing process, on the basis of the paper being subjected to either minor or major plagiarism.
- Duplicating any content, even if it is one sentence or one table without the consent of its original Author, will lead to the paper’s refusal upon the complaint of the plagiarism victim.
- For participants who need Entry Visas to the country where the conference will be held, IEREKwill issue the corresponding invitation letter for accepted applicants to facilitate visa issuance.
- Please notice that we will endeavor to assist you in obtaining a visa but the responsibility is yours and the decision rests solely with the appropriate Embassy.
Invitation Letter Issuance Process
1- In case the participant is an author who has submitted a research paper to the conference, it must get accepted by the Scientific Committee
2- Required participation fees must be paid
3- The participant should send the following information to the conference's official email:
* A clear copy of passport
* Passport number
* Full name as written in your passport.
* Date of Issuing and Expiration
* Date of Birth
* Email address of the nearest Egyptian Embassy/Consulate to you
* Mobile Number including country code
4- Conference coordinator will issue the needful invitation letter and send a copy to the participant's email, in addition to another one to the corresponding email address of embassy/consulate
5- The participant should print out the invitation letter along with all other required documents by the embassy/consulate and apply for VISA
*Please note that the following conference program is not final; minor changes could take place within the coming few days and it'll be updated accordingly.
Advances in Science, Technology and Innovation Book Series IEREK's Series for Interdisciplinary Studies
- On 10 May 1842 (his 25th birthday), Julius Springer founded his bookstore and publishing house in Berlin, laying the foundation for today’s company.
- After 175 dynamic years, the name Springer stands for a globally active publisher dedicated to the advancement of science, putting its authors and editors at the heart of the company’s publishing activities.
- Springer is a leading global scientific, technical and medical portfolio, providing researchers in academia, scientific institutions and corporate R&D departments with quality content through innovative information, products and services.
- Springer has one of the strongest STM and HSS eBook collections and archives, as well as a comprehensive range of hybrid and open access journals.
- Springer is part of Springer Nature, a global publisher that serves and supports the research community. Springer Nature aims to advance discovery by publishing robust and insightful science, supporting the development of new areas of research and making ideas and knowledge accessible around the world.
- As part of Springer Nature, Springer sits alongside other trusted brands like Nature Research, BioMed Central, and Palgrave Macmillan.
About the Series:
Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation (ASTI) is a series of peer-reviewed books based on the best studies on emerging research that redefines existing disciplinary boundaries in science, technology, and innovation (STI) in order to develop integrated concepts for sustainable development. The series is mainly based on the best research papers from various IEREK and other international conferences or direct submissions and is intended to promote the creation and development of viable solutions for a sustainable future and a positive societal transformation with the help of integrated and innovative science-based approaches. Offering interdisciplinary coverage, the series presents innovative approaches and highlights how they can best support both the economic and sustainable development for the welfare of all societies. In particular, the series includes conceptual and empirical contributions from different interrelated fields of science, technology, and innovation that focus on providing practical solutions to ensure food, water, and energy security. It also presents new case studies offering concrete examples of how to resolve sustainable urbanization and environmental issues. The series is addressed to professionals in research and teaching, consultancies and industry, and government and international organizations. Published in collaboration with Springer, the IEREK Interdisciplinary Series for Sustainable Development will acquaint readers with essential new studies in STI for sustainable development.
Publishing your paper with a reputable and renowned publisher is necessary to maintain the high quality standards of the scientific process along with retaining your copyright. It is even more advantageous to increase the exposure of your paper to the rest of the scientific community either online, offline, or in both versions.
All of the papers present in the book either belong to the best research papers in IEREK’s conferences or the authors’ direct submissions.Fees for direct submission: - The revision process: 200$ (nonrefundable)- Once the paper is accepted and approved: 200$.
Click on the below image to learn more about the editors
Asti Book Editors
Department of Engineering, University of Perugia, CIRIAF – Interuniversity Research Centre on Pollution and Environment “Mauro Felli”, Via G. Duranti 67, 06125 Perugia, Italy.
Born in Umbertide (Perugia), Italy, in 1988. Master degree in Building Engineering - Architecture at University of Perugia, Italy, in 2014. PhD in Energy and Sustainable development at CIRIAF - University of Perugia, Italy, in 2018. Research Fellow at CIRIAF - Interuniversity Research Centre on Pollution and Environment “Mauro Felli”, Department of Engineering, University of Perugia, Italy, as member of the EAP Lab (Environmental Applied Physics Laboratory) team, dealing with building energy efficiency and, specifically, dynamic analysis of building energy performance, occupant behavior, human comfort in the built environment, urban heat island mitigation, and energy systems. More details on https://www.eaplab.eu/.
PostDoc Researcher, Luiss Guido Carli University, Via le Pola 12, 00198 Rome, Italy.
Francesco Cappa is a Post-Doc Researcher at the “ReBooT - Research Centre in Business Transformation” and at the “Centre for Research in Leadership, Innovation, and Organization” at LUISS Guido Carli University. He holds a PhD in Management from LUISS Guido Carli University, and during his PhD Francesco has been a visiting researcher at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering (USA), and Pace University Seidenberg School of Computer Science (USA). His main research interests are in the areas of crowd involvement (i.e. crowdsourcing, citizen science, crowdfunding) with a particular focus on innovation and sustainability issues. His papers have appeared in Research Policy, Business Horizons, Computers in Human Behaviour, Journal of Environmental Management, Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Sustainability, PloS One and Energy.
Assistant Professor in Architectural Engineering at the Civil and Architectural Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University.
Dr. Chaham Alalouch is an architect, researcher and educator with a background in urbanism. He writes and speaks regularly on how to improve people’s quality of life through sustainable and smart built environment. He believes that the built environment is made for people and it should be designed and constructed as such. He holds a PhD from HWU, UK; and a PG Dip. in architectural design and B.Sc. in architectural engineering from the University of Aleppo, Syria. Dr. Chaham’s research and teaching was recognized for excellence. His research was awarded the MacFarlane Prize by Heriot-Watt University in the UK, and the Highly Commended Award by the Emerald Literati Network Awards for Excellence, UK. In 2019, he has been awarded the Distinguished Academician Award by Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.
He is currently teaching and researching at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman, having previously researched and taught at universities in the UK and Syria. There, he also worked in several architectural consultancy firms and in two European commissionfunded projects.
Places To Visit In Cairo, Egypt
Egypt is a spectacularly beautiful country filled with a plethora of cultural gems. A country anyone would be lucky to experience and check off their bucket list. Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, with a name that translates to "the victorious city." It encompasses both banks of the River Nile near the head of the river's delta in northern Egypt. Its centrality made it sovereign over a lot of land for more than 6,000 years, serving as the capital of numerous Egyptian kingdoms.
The following are some suggestions of places to visit while you are in Cairo, Egypt.
Pyramids of Giza & Sphinx
Visiting the most ancient of the Seven Wonders of the World (and the only wonder that survived the ages) should be on every bucket list. For me, it certainly was a dream come true. You must not miss the Sphinx as well. It marks the entrance to an ancient mortuary temple and many myths are told about its construction. Some claim it’s over 10,000 years old, while others believe it was built by the Pharaoh of the second pyramid, Khafraa, around 2,500 BC. As I am no Egyptologist, I stuck with just admiring the ancient landmark.
There is no place in the world where you will find more artifacts of ancient Egypt than in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Located right on the famous Tahrir Square, the colonial building houses the golden hoard from the tomb of Tutankhamun and so many other old Egyptian artifacts.
Khan el-Khalili (shopping quarter)
There is no finer place to go shopping for Egyptian memorabilia than the “Khan el-Khalili” district in the historic center of Islamic Cairo. It is not only incredibly beautiful with all its mosques and ancient arches, it’s also a buzzing area with souvenir shops, restaurants, street cafes and quite a history, making it one of the most fun things to do in Cairo at night.
Considerably younger, but still a must-see in Cairo, is the Cairo Citadel sitting on the hills of the east side of the Nile. It once served as a fortress and now houses beautiful mosques and the National Military Museum of Egypt.
A number one reason to go there is to visit the Mosque of Muhammad Ali (not the boxer!), or how it is often called, the Alabaster Mosque. It’s the grandest sacred building in the city and quite the iconic sight.
-What is the distance from the Cairo Airport to the Grand Nile Tower Hotel?
The distance between Cairo Airport (CAI) and Grand Nile Tower Hotel is 18 to 20 km.
-How can I Reach the Grand Nile tower?
Generally, it takes 30 Minutes (Maximum) by Car
55 min (23.1 km) via 6th of October Bridge
56 min (25.1 km) via El-Nasr Rd and 6th of October Bridge
Grand Nile Tower is set in Dokki district, 3.2 km from The Coptic Museum. Residing in a 15-story building, the venue was opened in 2001 and renovated in 2003.
The centered hotel is located close to Manial Palace Museum, enticing guests with sweeping views over the river. Tahrir Square is just steps from the property and Opera house Cairo is about 1050 meters away.
Banks, trade fairs and exhibition centers nearby as well as a business center, a banqueting hall and a photocopier are available.
You can check the Grand Nile Tower Hotel website to book your room online, or to find more information about the accommodation offers and more.
How to Get an Egyptian Electronic visa?
Currently, more than 46 countries can obtain an electronic visa to travel to Egypt. With an e-Visa, you don`t need to go to the Embassy since you can apply online from the comfort of your home.
It takes only 5 to 10 Minutes to get your visa for USD 25.00(single-entrye-Visa) and 60 USD for (Multiple entries), and another USD 30.00 for standard processing.
There are 41 countries whose citizens are eligible for an Egypt visa on arrival: the 27 states in the European Union, Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, South Korea, Macedonia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Serbia, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States