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Urbanization in Europe – A Brief History

A millennium ago Europe began its journey towards becoming Urban. In fact, possibly half of Europe’s population, today, live in massive towns or large sets, although two or three out of ten experience a life that could only be called urbanized. Having found most of the essential towns in Europe ...

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Futuristic Concept: Self-healing Concrete

Due to the new technology being developed by the European Research Project, the self-healing materials, the tunnels, bridges and other civil engineering structures can be much safer. Elke Gruyaert, one of the team of Engineers working on the project at Ghent University in Belgium, told us about the mechanism of ...

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Potala Palace, as A World Heritage Site

Let’s travel from Egypt to china to see another example of the architectural heritage buildings, is the Potala Palace, which has an organizational and spiritual importance, its place is in southern part of Tibet self-governing area in south China, a city called Lhasa. It’s atop of the Red Mountain (Mar-po-ri), ...

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What are the world heritage sites and Dahshūr as an example

They are places as single or many, which are put by the UNESCO on the World Heritage list, and are declared by them as having ‘Universal outstanding value’. There are three types of such sites: Cultural: they are either: Historical buildings & towns. Sculptures and paintings Natural: they are the ...

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Conservation of Architectural Heritage in European History

“The Greatest glory of a building is its age”, John Ruskin, English art critic (1819 – 1900). The conservation and renovation of architectural heritage became a pressing matter in the current age. Most of the older buildings that survived to the modern days are those of religious importance. At the ...

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Sustainable Material, What is it?

Due to the growth of new businesses and how communities has enlarged in the past period, new concerns emerged regarding economic necessities, and how it weakened the earth’s abilities to give necessary resources, detoxification and supporting various types of life, including humans, and from this came the ideas of sustainability ...

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Biological Concrete, Is it the Future of Sustainable material?

Creative thinking about the functionality of the present construction techniques, is required in order to extend their future capabilities. As sustainability became no longer just a trend for design but it became an important part of this process, Sustainable solutions became a pressing issue in the current design status, and ...

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Maintaining Environmentally Sustainable Development

In spite of the fact that the term manageable improvement was utilized as right on time as 1972 at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, Sweden, it was not until 1987, with a U.N. report entitled “Our Common Future,” that the term was completely characterized and ...

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El-Hakim Mosque

Friday, The 5th of Ramadan at  403 AH, for the first time; the people of Egypt go outside the great wall of Cairo to perform their prayers inside the larger  of a mosque  that was built in the Fatimid Egyptian era, which they later named ” El-Hakim Mosque” Located in ...

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