Date Palm Rachis as a Local and Renewable Structural Material for Rural Communities in Egypt
Date Palm Rachis has been widely used in sheathing of houses in the rural communities in Egypt and the Middle East, as a local and cheap material that naturally resists direct solar radiation and humidity. Lately, researchers around the world began to build complete structures using Date Palm Rachis to take advantage of its abundance and natural resistance. However, due to the lack of the required mechanical properties for structural analytical modeling, mock ups are used to assess the structural properties of Date Palm Rachis. This tool of assessment is insufficient in the consideration of wind or temporary and unforeseen loads. This paper introduces the closest estimations of the complicated mechanical properties required for structural analytical modeling, according to the available equipment and the variable nature of Date Palm Rachis. The results showed that Date Palm Rachis is a promising structural material with structural properties that are competitive to that of imported timbers in Egypt. This paper invites researches and builders to exploit the potentials of Palm Rachis as a structural material for rural communities.
أيمن إيهاب, عفيفي، عقبة, 'استخدام المخلفات الزراعية فى المنشآت الريفية', in مؤتمر مستقبل التنمية المستدامة في مصر(القاهرة، مصر: وزارة التنمية المحلية المصرية, 2012), II, 184-99 (p. 6).
Fathy, Hassan, Architecture for The Poor: An Experiment in the Rural Egypt (Illinois, USA: Univeristy of Chicago, 1993).
Kennedy, Joseph, Building Without Borders: Sustainable Construction for the Global Village (Ontario, Canada: New Society Publishers, 2004).Hamed ElMously, 'The Palm Fibers for the Reinforcement of Polymer Compoaites: Prospects and Challenges', in The First Ain Shams Internationak Conference on Environmental Engineering (Cairo, Egypt: Ain Shams University, 2005), pp. 866-86.
Elmously, Hamed,'The Industrial Use Of The Date Palm Residues An Eloquent Example Of Sustainable Development', in International Conference on Date Palms (Cairo, Egypt: United Arab Emirates University, 2001), II, 866-86.
Ibrahim, Nashwa,Appropriate Building Patterns for Saint Catherine, Egypt (Cairo , Egypt: Egyptian Earth Construction Association, 2010).
Piesik, Sandra,Arish: Palm-Leaf Architecture, 2nd edn (London, UK: Thames & Hudson, 2012).
Domaine de Boisbuchet, Palm Leaf workshop, World Architecture News, http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/wanmobile/mobile/article/23324, last accessed July,2017.
Mascia, Nilson T. and Lahr, Francisco A.R,. 'Remarks on Orthotropic Elastic Models Applied to Wood', Materials Research, 9 (2006), 301-10.
Green, David; Winandy,Jerrold and Kretschmann, David, 'Mechanical Properties of Wood', in Wood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material, 100th edn (Wisconsin: United States Department of Agriculture, 2010), p. Chapter 5.
Mansour, Yasser; Elmously, Hamed; Darwish, Eman A., Utilizing Palm Rachis for Eco-Friendly and Flexible Construction in Egypt, 3rd World Sustainable Built Environment, Hong Kong, 2017.
Timber structures, Structural timber and glued laminated timber, Determination of some physical and mechanical properties, English version of DIN EN 408-2004
C. S. Echenique Racero, B. I. Banda Nieto and J. R. Hernández Ávila, “Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Wood Used in Indigenous Housing of the Tuchín Township, Department of Cordoba, Colombia” INGE CUC, vol. 11, no. 1, pp.99-108, 2015.
Sasaki, Yasutoshi; Andi, Kosei; Acoustoelastic Phenomena of Wood, 5th World Conference on Timber Engineering, Montreasux, Switzerland, 1998.
DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.21625/essd.v2i1.173.g75
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 Eman A. Darwish, Yasser M. Mansour, Hamed Elmously
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.