Urban Planning for Better Human Settlements:
Planning in general is the scientific method that aims to provide solutions or alternatives to the current or expected problems of society within the framework of an organized plan with clear policies and objectives, within a specific time period. It takes into account the possibilities and resources as well as the current or future determinants, whether human or natural.
Urban planning which is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use and the built environment to achieve strategic, political and sustainability goals. The study of urban planning is used by planners working in the cognate fields of architecture, landscape architecture, civil engineering, and public administration in order to achieve a balance between the development needs of the present while taking into consideration the stability and the effects it has on the future (i.e. achieving a sustainable development).
Urban planning is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social engineering and design sciences. It is related to the field of urban design and some urban planners provide designs for streets, buildings, parks and other urban areas. Urban planning is referred to by many terms as urban and regional planning, regional planning, city planning, town planning, rural planning, urban development or some other combination.
Sustainability and Development to Achieve a Better Present and Future:
Taking into consideration all the aspects of the environment, landscape and the community is what leads to the concept of sustainable urban planning. Sustainability is the ability to exist constantly. The concepts of sustainable design, green architecture, sustainable construction and green building are all new ways of design and construction that stand in the face of the environmental and economic challenges that have cast a shadow over the various sectors of this era. The new buildings are designed to reduce environmental impact while also reducing costs, in particular running costs.
It also contributes to a safe and comfortable urban environment, thus, the motivation for adopting the concept of sustainability in the urban sector is no different from the motives that led to the emergence and adoption of the concept of sustainable development with its interconnected environmental, economic and social dimensions.
The developed countries are more interested than the developing nations in improving the urban environment from the planning period through the design and implementation of the urban projects and the continuation of the stages of management and maintenance, development and development of the human aspect in it. In most developing countries, it is considered that the responsibility ends when construction projects are completed. According to the whims of the population, without a social organization that directs their local activity or protects their urban environment, these projects will turn socially backward, adding to the problems of the city a double burden.
Sustainable Architecture and the Environment:
Sustainable architecture seeks to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy, and development space and the ecosystem at large. Sustainable architecture uses a mindful approach to energy and ecological conservation in the design of the built environment.
Sustainability is an idea to ensure that our use of available resources does not end up having damaging effects on our collective well-being or making it impossible to obtain resources for other applications in the long run. Which in turn meets the needs of the present without losing sight of the right of future generations to meet their needs.
All the aspects of the urban planning and architectural design for a sustainable development will be discussed in the 4th International Conference on Urban Planning & Architectural Design for Sustainable Development (UPADSD).