Urban planning issues aim to establish a society with bases on land use to achieve sustainable development and meet the needs of the society members.
We know that most of the time, the goal of urban planning issues is to achieve economic prosperity only, but we must also strive to improve the lives of the population. In this article, we will review the most important problems which face urban planning issues, its negative effects on society and how to eliminate them.
Growing and continuous population growth have become one of the most difficult problems of urbanization.
Population problem: is the imbalance between the population, resources, and services; which is the increase in the population without increasing opportunities for education, sanitation, employment and the high level of the economy.
Recently we found that agricultural land is abused and used in construction, which leads to shrinking the area of agricultural land and swallowing rural villages.
There are general problems that occur because of the increase in population, which is traffic congestion resulting in an increase in the number of cars and pollution of the environment. There is also an increase in overcrowding occurring in schools and hospitals, which affects the quality of education and health together.
The increase in population has made it difficult to dispose of and recycle waste. In order to overcome this problem, we must begin with the individual in terms of education, issuing family planning laws and ensuring education.
This is where a number of people move to a certain area of the land, after leaving their homes in the rural places, for work or to live. This has become a problem causing a negative impact on the rural population, due to the shortage of services and labor. It has also been a problem for the urban population in increasing the number of labor, which led to unemployment.
To help solve this problem, we must prevent the displacement of villages to cities as well as be providing all services to the villages and rural areas, attention to education and health in those areas.
Slum housing is one of the main phenomena of population overcrowding.
The dangers of random housing is due to the semi-poor infrastructure and the few services in the areas of informal housing. In addition to high population density, the informal housing areas pose great dangers to the population and the society in general. Some of the most important of dangers are:
- Unemployment and hidden economies: Due to poverty and lack of skills among many slum residents.
- Violence and crime: The widespread poverty in these societies, unemployment, the inability to move forward and the partial or total absence of the law; push many into violence or engage in organized crime.
- Diseases and epidemics: The absence of health components lead to the spread of diseases among the big population, which makes transmission and outbreaks of epidemics easily possible.
In order to overcome this problem, the government has to provide health and safety housing and facilities for all workers in factories and low-income people, raise wages and improve services.
According to the United Nations Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS) Strategy for Combating Displacement, homelessness is defined as a “lack of adequate housing, which includes all situations and conditions considered below the appropriate level” in the society where the displaced person lives.
The homeless are in a tragic situation where men, women, and children live in trailers, abandoned houses and streets. The homeless people are threatened all the time, especially in the winter, but they are at greater risk, such as health, mental and physical problems.
Some shelters offer services to help people get a home, helping individuals. For example, receive state subsidies, financial assistance from other sources, or legal aid, help them to get support to repair their relationship with their families, or to have opportunities to learn some skills. The solution to this homelessness problem is good urban planning, and the government has to provide funding for the establishment of shelters to meet the needs of displaced persons.
Education is very important for any civilized society. It is the main manufacturer of civilization. People with good education live in the cities, while those living in slums suffer from economic problems, therefore no educational opportunity. Non-urban planning is the main reason for education failure. The solution to providing a good education for all individuals is to establish a fair geographical distribution of schools and universities in all regions.
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