Urban planning Issues aims to establish a society with bases and bases in land use to achieve sustainable development and meet the needs of the members of society.
We know that most of the time, the goal of urban planning Issues is to achieve economic prosperity only, but we must also strive to improve the lives of the population. In this article, we will review the most important problems to face urban planning Issues and its negative effects on society and how to eliminate them.
First: the problem of growing population growth
Growing and continuous population growth has become one of the most difficult and difficult problems of urbanization
Population problem: Is the imbalance between the population, resources, and services, which is the increase in the population without increasing opportunities for education, sanitation, employment and the high level of the economy. The problem is clearly manifested in high population growth rates and development rates that are not in line with population growth rates and low standard of living so we can say that Population as a problem is the light of balance between population and resources
Recently we found that agricultural land is abused and used in construction, which leads to shrinking the area of agricultural land and swallowing rural villages.
There are general problems that occur because of the increase in population, which is traffic congestion resulting in an increase in the number of cars and pollution of the environment, there is also an increase in overcrowding occurring in schools and hospitals, which affects the quality of education and health together.
The increase in population has made it difficult to dispose of and recycle waste In order to overcome this problem, we must begin with the individual in terms of education, issuing family planning laws and ensuring education, which is the role of the state and the role of associations and institutions.
Secondly: the problem of population concentration
Where a number of people focus on a patch or a certain area of the land and this happens by leaving individuals and families in rural homes and going to urban, whether to stay or work and has become a problem has a negative impact on the rural population where they are suffering from a shortage of services and labor and became Also a problem for the urban population in increasing the number of labor, which led to the existence of unemployment
To solve this problem we must prevent the displacement of villages to cities and provide all services to people of villages and rural areas and attention to education and health in those areas
Third: the problem of slums
Slum housing is the phenomenon of free populist population growth. It has been created with the full will of the people and grows according to specific, frequent and almost unchanged patterns, both for its linear planning, street performances and land plots. The informal expression was used without permission.
The dangers of random housing is due to the semi-poor infrastructure and the few services in the areas of informal housing in addition to overcrowding and high population density, the informal housing areas pose great dangers to the population and the society in general. Some of the most important of these are:
Unemployment and hidden economies: due to poverty and lack of skills among many slum dwellers.
Violence and crime: The widespread poverty in these societies, in addition to unemployment, the inability to move forward and the partial or total absence of the law, push many into violence or engage in organized crime.
Diseases and epidemics: The absence of health components leads to the spread of diseases among the population, and the large population density makes transmission and outbreaks of epidemics easily possible
The increase in industrialization and Urban Planning Issues have led to a big problem, namely the existence of poor neighborhoods where people live a miserable life and difficult conditions where they lack services. Most of the residents of these slums are workers of low wage factories. They live in substandard homes and suffer from many health problems they are housing unsuitable for human habitation.
In order to overcome this problem, the government has to provide health and safety housing and facilities for all workers in factories and low-income people, and to raise wages and improve service
Fourth: the problem of displacement
According to the United Nations Center for Human Settlements (UNCHS) Strategy for Combating Displacement, homelessness is defined as a “lack of adequate housing, which includes all situations and conditions considered below the appropriate level” in the society where the displaced person lives. Some people take shelter from the streets and from the dilapidated or abandoned buildings, they are sheltering, while others go to shelters for the displaced, others may temporarily live with their friends.
The homeless are in a tragic situation where men, women and children live in trailers, abandoned houses and streets. The homeless person are threatened all the time, especially in the winter, but they are at greater risk, such as health, mental and physical problems.
Some shelters offer services to help people get free from homelessness, helping individuals, for example, receive state subsidies, financial assistance from other sources, or legal aid, help them to get support to repair their relationship with their families, or to have opportunities to learn some skills There are youth centers in London that offer advice on food systems, cooking, healthy lifestyles, and how to create a job From finding a home and maintaining it These measures are undoubtedly commendable, And the solution to this homelessness problem is good urban planning, and the State has to provide funding for the establishment of shelters to meet the needs of displaced persons and food.
Fifth: the problem of Education
Education is very important for any civilized society. It is the main manufacturer of civilization. Those who have a good education live in the rich areas of the cities. Those who live in slums and suffer from economic problems have no education. Are the main reasons for the failure of education, instead of non-urban planning is the main reason, and to get a good education for all individuals we have to establish a fair geographical distribution of schools and universities in all regions to achieve equality for all.
The conference Parallelism in Architecture, Engineering & Computing Techniques” -2nd Edition on 8, November 2018 in London is a great chance for all who are interested in architect & engineering to get more experience and exchange knowledge with other students and professors , the conference will discuss everything related to the future of architecture & urban planning and engineering technology. For all information about Parallelism in Architecture, Engineering & Computing Techniques and how to attend and write an abstract click here.