The Famous Civil Engineering Projects
Civil engineering is the design and construction of public works; consisting of dams, bridges and other big infrastructure projects. It is far one of the oldest branches of engineering, courting back to when people first began living in everlasting settlements and commenced shaping their environments to suit their needs.
Early engineers built walls, roads, bridges, dams and levees. As larger groups of people began living together in towns and cities, those populations wanted dependable assets of clean water, the way to put off waste, a network of streets and roadways for commerce.
Ancient civil engineering projects include the roads of the Roman Empire, the Great Wall of China, the cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde and Mayan ruins at Copan, Palenque and Tikal. Many early civilizations built monuments to their rulers or Gods. Those may have been simple mounds or virtually exquisite achievements, consisting of the Pyramids of Giza and Stonehenge, whose creation via pre-commercial societies remains mysterious. The names of the engineers who designed those wonders are lost to antiquity.
Today, the public is much more likely to remember the names of great civil engineering projects than the names of the engineers who designed and built them. These include the Brooklyn Bridge (designed by way of John August Roebling and son Washington Roebling), the Hoover Dam (John L. Savage), the Panama Canal (John Frank Stevens) and the Golden Gate Bridge (Joseph Strauss and Charles Ellis). One wonderful exception is the Eiffel Tower, named after the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel.
In this article, we will present some of the famous Civil engineering projects:
Brooklyn Bridge is the first steel-wire hanged bridge in New York City that links Manhattan and Brooklyn. It is one of the ancient hanged bridges in the United States that was completed in 1883. Brooklyn Bridge was designed by John Augustus Roebling.
Started in 1869 and completed fourteen years later in 1883, it connects the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn, spanning the East River. It has a primary span of one,595.5 feet (486.3 m) and turned into the first steel-twine suspension bridge built. It was first named the “New York and Brooklyn Bridge” and the “East River Bridge”, however it became later dubbed as the “Brooklyn Bridge”, and formally was named as such by the city government in 1915. Since opening, it has become an icon of New York City and turned into specified a countrywide historic Landmark in 1964 and a national historical Civil Engineering Landmark in 1972.
Golden Gate Bridge:
Joseph B. Strauss and Charles A. Ellis with Strauss Engineering Organization designed Golden Gate Bridge in 1921.
The Golden Gate Bridge is a hanged bridge that crosses through the Golden Gate, the only-mile-wide (1.6 km) gorge links San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The bridge links the American city of San Francisco, California – the northern side of the San Francisco Peninsula – to Marin County, carrying both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route across the gorge.
The bridge is one of the most famous identified symbols of San Francisco, California, and the United States. It has been introduced as one of the wonders of the current world through the Yang Society of Civil Engineers.
The Eiffel Tower is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.
Constructed from 1887–89 as the entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair, it started to be criticized through some of France’s main artists and intellectuals for its layout. However, it has emerged as an international cultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The Eiffel Tower is the highest visited monument in the world.
The tower is 324 meters tall; the tallest structure in Paris. Its base is a square, measuring 125 meters on every side. All through its production, the Eiffel Tower passed the Washington Monument to become the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler building construction in New York City was completed in 1930.
Hoover Dam, frequently known as Boulder Dam, is placed at the Colorado River at the southern tip of Nevada and the Arizona border. Within the early 1900s, after many failed efforts to control the lower Colorado River with levees and irrigation canals, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation decided the great solution for the arid Southwest could be to block the river and create a yr.-spherical water supply. Surveyors investigated seventy sites alongside the complete river’s path and settled on Nevada’s Boulder and Black Canyons. Both presenting a capability reservoir of greater than thirty million acre-ft. Surveys found out that the prevalence of Black Canyon for storing the Colorado River’s whole glide for up to two years. Although in 1922, the “Fall-Davis report” recommended to the U.S. Senate construction of the All-American Canal in California’s Imperial Valley and a high dam at or near Boulder Canyon.
The Panama Canal is a large canal connecting the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. It is considered a major engineering feat during the early 20th century, designed by John Frank Stevens.
The Panama Canal is around 80 km (50 miles) long and links the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, running across the center of Panama. Locks at the Pacific and Atlantic ends of the canal either lower down vessels to sea level or raise them up to the canal. The canal itself is made up of the Gaillard Cut channel and the artificial Gatun Lake. The lake was created by the damming of the Chagres River.
The first attempt to build the canal was made by a French company, but the attempt ended in failure in 1889. The American government finally bought the French company, and their attempt to build the canal started in 1904. The project ended with victory, with the Canal inauguration in 1914, and it is now a vital artery of international trade, with nearly 14,000 ships travelling through it every year.
Qingdao Haiwan Bridge:
The world’s longest cross-sea bridge has been revealed by China, proving yet again how era and economics are the strongest factors of its economic system. According to the Telegraph, the Qingdao Haiwan Bridge measures 26 four miles (forty two.6 km) and links Qingdao city in China’s eastern Shandong province with the Huangdao district. Having a first rate architectural significance, the Qingdao Haiwan Bridge facilitates the reduction of the space between the 2 points by means of 30 km, a life saver in this sort of busy society like China’s, not to mention it being a tourist attraction. The six-lane bridge is almost three miles longer than the preceding record holder, the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in Louisiana.
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