Deconstructivism is a development of postmodern architecture. It is influenced by the theory of Deconstruction, which is a form of semiotic analysis. It is characterized by fragmentation, and an interest in manipulating a structure’s surface, skin, and non-rectilinear shapes which appear to distort and dislocate the elements of architecture. The finished visual appearance of buildings is characterized by unpredictability and controlled chaos. Deconstructionism is a 20th Century school in philosophy initiated by Jacques Derrida in the 1960s.
The fault lines that deconstruction follows are the traces left inside philosophy by which it must be defined as its exterior in order to be a philosophy. A central premise of deconstruction is which all of Western literature and philosophy implicitly relyies on and a metaphysics of presence where intrinsic meaning is accessible by virtue of pure presence. Deconstruction denies the possibility of a pure presence, and thus of essential or intrinsic and stable meaning.
Computer aided design is now an important tool in most aspects of contemporary architecture, but the nature of deconstructivism makes the use of computers especially pertinent. In retrospect, many early deconstructivist works appear to have been conceived with the aid of a computer, but were not Zaha Hadid’s sketches for instance Also, Gehry is noted for producing many physical models as well as computer models as part of his design process. Though the computer has made the design of complex shapes much easier. In fact, not everything that looks odd is deconstructivist.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum of modern and contemporary art, designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, and located in Bilbao, Spain. Guggenheim Foundation features permanent and visiting exhibits of art works by Spanish and international artists. It is an example of deconstructivist architecture and it is One of the most admired works of contemporary architecture. It was hailed as one of the world’s most spectacular buildings exhibiting the the deconstructivist style and a masterpiece of the 20th century.
Deconstruction is a continuation of an earlier architectural style (postmodernism). It stands in opposition to the limiting rules of modernism, including materials’ fidelity, purity of form or their functions. Deconstructivism in architecture rejects the rule of ornament as a side effect or as an item of decoration.